Despite its reputation as formidable and highly aggressive, it usually attempts to flee from humans unless threatened or cornered.The black mamba is rated as least concern on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)'s Red List of Endangered species.Specifically, it has been observed in north east Democratic Republic of the Congo, south western Sudan to Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, eastern Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, southwards to Mozambique, Swaziland, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana to Kwa Zulu-Natal in South Africa, and Namibia; then north easterly through Angola to south eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.The black mamba's distribution contains gaps within the Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria and Mali.Specimens of 4.3 to 4.5 meters (14.1 to 14.8 ft) have been reported.Although most mamba species are tree-dwelling snakes, the black mamba is not generally arboreal, preferring lairs in terrestrial habitats in a range of terrains.
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It is capable of striking at considerable range and may occasionally deliver a series of bites in rapid succession.
Its venom is primarily composed of potent neurotoxins that may cause a fast onset of symptoms.
The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) is a highly venomous snake endemic to parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Juvenile black mambas tend to be paler than adults and darken with age.
It is the longest species of venomous snake indigenous to the African continent; mature specimens generally exceed 2 meters (6.6 ft) and commonly attain 3 meters (9.8 ft).